A Brief History of Yellowstone National Park | National Geographic


(light music) – [Marielena] Yellowstone is epic, strange, and iconic. It is well-deserving of
its protected status. But how did it come to be the worlds first National Park? (light music) Archeologists have found evidence of human activity in Yellowstone that dates back at least 11,000 years. Oral histories of Salish Native Americans suggest their ancestors were here 3,000 years ago. Today there are still 26
Native American tribes that are connected to this land. Some of the first
European visitors included fur traders and trackers
in the late 1700s. But the first big incentive for settlers came in 1863, gold. (water sloshing) Prospectors flocked to Yellowstone in hopes of finding more. The Northern Pacific
Railroad Company heard of the wonders of Yellowstone. A big attraction like this
could help their plans to expand their railroad west. So they sponsored the
Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition of 1870. As the first formal
expedition of Yellowstone, they explored vast regions of the park. Including Tower Fall, Yellowstone Lake, and the geyser basins. Their most memorable achievement, naming Old Faithful. (light music) Painter Thomas Moran as
well as a photographer and sketch artist were also on the expedition team. Their work introduced
Yellowstone to the world. And captured the imagination of Congress. Then, on March 1st, 1872, President Ulysses S. Grant signed an act establishing Yellowstone National Park. The country’s very first National Park. (light music) The Park is around two million acres. An expansive wilderness with places that even today few have seen. Filled with wildlife including 285 species of birds. And over 65 species of mammals. (wolf howling) But what’s on top of this park is nothing compared to the giant reserve of magma that lies below. Thermal power is what
makes Yellowstone tick. Old Faithful remains true to its name. And to this day gushes
up thousands of gallons of hot water every hour or so. (light music) It’s one of the most famous natural features in Yellowstone. But, it’s not the only one. There are over 10,000 thermal features in Yellowstone. Including hot springs, mud pots, and steam vents. They sit in one giant
caldera of a super volcano. Some 45 miles across at its widest. 2.1 million years ago Yellowstone erupted and covered over 5,000
square miles with ash. About 6,000 times the volume of material ejected from Mount St. Helens in 1980. It’s among the largest volcano eruptions known to man. Yellowstone is still active and another eruption is possible. But it probably won’t
happen in the next thousand or even 10,000 years. In the meantime, Yellowstone hosts millions
of guests every year. There are now 59 National Parks in the United States. But Yellowstone will always be the world’s first.

Comments

  1. I've been to Sequoia and Yosemite National Park, but Yellowstone should be the very best I should visit in my lifetime!

  2. Being a Tourism student this video is so fruitful for me. The lavish green ground and those magnificent geysers.
    I waana visit there.
    💓🧡💓💓

  3. TURN THIS BLUE IF YOU ARE AN OG $UBSCRIBER OF National Geographic 💯
    👇 (BE AN OG OF MINE TODAY) 😉👊🏼

  4. I've visited Yellowstone three times in as many years (my profile picture was actually taken in Lamar Valley). I can honestly say it truly is an awe-inspiring wonder. Each time I've gone, I've discovered something new and been equally (if not more) captivated by its beauty. People often ask why I go back… for those who haven't been, it'd be difficult to explain in a way you'd fully understand. For those who have been, you most likely understand, or have fond memories of the place. Those of you who are thinking about visiting, I completely recommend it!

  5. If ever a park had a flair for the dramatic it’s Yellowstone—geysers, grizzlies, and its very own Grand Canyon, as well as trendy towns and backcountry trails that rarely see human bootprints. To learn more, you can read on here: https://on.natgeo.com/2x5fNoc

  6. Even though i'm not an American, I appreciated this beauty and I would like to visit Yellowstone National Park!

  7. The Yellow Stone is truely Epic but the Yellow West is even more Epic and who could guess that it would erupt Before the Yellow Stone would erupt.The Ashes have spread through out the europé and the Lava have taken over the cities and Towns in paris.This is a natural process called evolution and Revolution which no one can prevent or supress.

  8. I gave Yellowstone a bad review on Google Maps because the roads are in a sad state of repair, and the shoulders are full of trees and other debris. I grew up there. I'm allowed to be cynical. lol. I've wished every day for the last 5 years I could get my career to take me back.

  9. The trump de-administration has opened our park Yellow Stone up for exploitit's. Hunters, loggers, mining. Defend Our Parks!

  10. For some reason us Americans leave the country for vacation, but we have some very beautiful biomes to explore

  11. Nice video dear 👌👌big Like 👍👉joined your Channel here hope you back thanks 🍁💝🌷🔔👉

  12. I live in Wyoming, only about 2 hours away from Yellowstone so I knew most of this info already, it's weird seeing something so normal in my life on YouTube, it's kinda cool the Ulysses Grant made Yellowstone the first national park, especially on the day he did, March 1st, as that is also my birthday

  13. Just found the live broadcast of Yellowstone and I have to say it is massively breathtaking an impressive. It's such an interesting watch to see animals living in their natural habitat without any real editing. You've captured lots of amazing moments. All of this is going on whilst we live in our "advanced humane society."

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