A Transmissible RNA pathway in Honey Bees


a transmissible RNA pathway in
honeybees. SO WHAT? how that’s gonna help my bees? if there is something that I’m gonna
emphasize in this channel over and over is the fact that bee biology is the key
to be a successful beekeeper Welcome to Inside The Hive. TV the show
that takes you into the world of bees Dr. Eyal Maori and collaborators in
Cambridge University a week ago just released a scientific article that I
believe have the potential to make us beekeepers more successful and near
future. As you probably know RNAs are very important molecules they can
play active roles within the cells catalyzing enzymatic reactions,
controlling gene expression, signaling and much more other functions. We also
know that RNAs can be transmitted from one cell to another. However, what we
didn’t know is that at least in honeybees RNAs can be transmitted
from one individual to another preserving their biological properties.
And the reasons for that is the beauty of this story. As a short background
researchers in the past using double-stranded RNA in the feeding of
bees were able to demonstrate the efficient of the RNA consumption to to
fight a honeybee virus infection the virus ink in this case was IAPV in
that experiment the researchers were able to show that the levels of the
virus went down the honey production was up and many other different beneficial
effects. What was unexpected for these researchers and they couldn’t understand
why that happened was that after four months the beneficial effect is still in
the colonies that was were treated with the RNA however we know that in four
months honeybee colonies replaced its whole population so how a honeybee the
never enter in contact with the RNA before was able to preserve the
beneficial effect of the treatment and the explanation for this phenomena is
what is this new article is all about the main message in this new article is
that honey bees are able to collect environmental RNA, process them in the
digestive system, spread them systemically through the
hemolymph using a protein-RNA complex that’s gonna end up being secreted in the jelly.
Royal jelly and worker jelly of bees by nurse bees. But the question is why
why bees are transferring a whole set of different RNAs to the future
generations? the results suggested that this might be a system in honeybees to
faster adaptation in the environment they are in. Dr. Maori found a full
range of RNAs in the royal jelly and worker jelly of bees. Viruses RNA,
Bacterial RNA, Plant RNA, Fungi RNA, regulatory RNAs, RNAs that we don’t
even know what the function is about. So the idea here is that bees might be able
to learn what need to be done metabolic in the environment they are in, and
transfer this set of RNA of this new information about the environment to the
future bees for for faster adaptation if you’re a beekeeper like my dad
you’re probably asking yourself so what how does gonna help my bees? if these
experiments are confirmed we might be able in a new future to create specific
diet with a specific set of RNAs for different environments and that’s very
exciting. For example you know for a fact that in a Bee yard
you always have bees of the honey bees colonies that perform much better
than others that would be the case that the bees that perform better
already have the set of rnas that they need for that specific environment? can
we feed the weaker colonies with the some part of the jelly the royal jelly and
worker jelly from the stronger colony to the weaker and they might recover
and perform better in that environment that’s a possibility
another possibility is overwinter can we create the jelly,
a food they have the specific set of RNA for that environment, to perform
better in their winter so avoiding losses and saving bees and saving money
all of these ideas are possibilities that if this experiments are correct
you’re gonna be able to create a lot of different tools. If you’re a commercial
beekeeper for example then you need to travel your bees all around how cool
would be if you know in advance that what kind of set of RNA is you need to
put in their diet to perform the best in a blueberry crop situation or in an
almond situation or whatever wherever wherever place you’re gonna put your
bees if you know in advance what kind of set of RNAs
you need to put in the food for them to perform better that’s a huge huge
advantage. Now I would like to hear from you what would you do in your beekeeping
operation with this kind of information what kind of ideas can we bring to the
table to create different kinds of tools for using this knowledge I would like to
hear your comments please leave your comments in the comment below and I
would love to to brainstorm with you guys. Now just between us, a little secret
I’m already performing some of those experiments so if you want to follow
this up please consider to subscribe I encourage everyone to read this article
even if you’re not a scientist and don’t understand the technical terms that’s
why I’m here for I would love to answer all your questions and try to address
all your concerns and if I don’t know the answer I know a guy that might know
the answer Dr. Eyal Maori is a good collaborator of
mine and I’m sure he is going to be happy to answer questions for you guys too
If you like this video show me some love hit the like button below consider to
subscribe share with friends and family and that’s
it for now THANKS for watching and I see you guys in the next video bye

Comments

  1. This new discovery got my attention last week. I believe it can be very useful in the future. Let me know your thoughts.

  2. Excellent info !!! Thanks for sharing and explains it so well.
    So…..if it’s true, when we move frames of open brood and nurse bees from a strong colony to a weak one, we could be transfering RNA….”good-RNA”….it is super interesting !!!

    Kind regards from a Chilean beekeeper
    Saludos de un apicultor chileno. 🇨🇱🐝

  3. Fantastic article and you gave great perspective for applications to beekeepers. Any ideas how this could impact the queen or if the benefits could be passed to her offspring when placed in a new colony?

  4. This is interesting but I'm not sure how to make use of the information. It's like someone explaining the details of the re-entry procedure for a moon shot and I'm working on steam engines.

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