Honey Bee Keeping and Flow Hive Frequently Asked Questions Answered FAQ Bees #ONE


okay so this afternoon I’m going to do
something a little different on my youtube channel it is the middle of
winter time and the bees are doing absolutely nothing but trying to hold
their own in clusters inside the beehives so if you’ve been watching my
channel you might have noticed that I have a very eclectic group of videos
going out right now because I do product review so photographers or do
photographic equipment related reviews and things like that so some people that
are here for the honeybees may be wondering why I’m not showing anything
about bees well you’re just not doing anything yesterday I went out and took
my thermal camera and got a heat print off of each of the colonies so I know
that they’re doing well and I know that they’re inside their colonies that
they’re alive and they’re kind of low in the colony so I know that they haven’t
consumed all of their food so what I thought I would do to satisfy those who
are still asking lots of questions about beekeeping is I would bring up the most
frequently asked questions I receive through YouTube and other social media
like my Facebook page fred’s find fowl Facebook and people ask lots of
questions about bees so I thought instead of sitting down and typing out
these answers through the list in the video descriptions and the responses
down in video comment sections I’m just going to take the top in this case now
the top 18 questions that I’ve received so I’ll try to get through it pretty
quick I know some people don’t like it when I talk slow or when my videos are
drawn out because sometimes I just kind of get lost in videoing bees and their
activities and whatever else but today I’m gonna try to get through the points
kind of fast now these are in no particular order you’re right so on they
may be from beginning beekeepers that are just thinking about what they need
to do to start out and that’s great and others are more seasoned beekeepers that
have been doing it for many years but they have questions about the flow hive
which is still relatively new I’m in my fourth year with the flow hive I’m in my
12th year of beekeeping so the first question where to get bees and will they
just come to my hive now that’s a funny question some people think it’s like a
bird box you know if I put out a bluebird box and
and make it to the right specifications and put it on a post in the right
environment the Bluebirds will inhabit it and they do so will honeybees just
automatically move into a bee box if you buy one and put it out in your bee yard
and this question most frequently comes from people who’ve just bought a flow
hive so it’s interesting to me that you would buy a bee hive without first
understanding where the bees come from and how you obtain bees so we’re also
going to answer some of those questions here too but it is possible that you
could set out an empty bee hive just a brood box with the bottom board with the
cover the inner cover and you could put frames in it and you could actually put
a swarm lure in there and you could attract a swarm in spring or at some
time during the year if you’ve got somebody nearby that has a lot of bees
and are looking for places to live they might move into it but the chances are
slim to none because that box has never been inhabited by bees before you could
put swarm commander in there and hope and put it at the right height and in
the right environment to attract those bees but they will not come in general
voluntarily to your beehive so I recommend you buy bees just like
everyone else but more importantly a question like that comes from someone
who’s bought a beehive and hasn’t taken the time to learn about the bees so
please join a beekeeper Association or something and learn more about the bees
and then find out how you can obtain them now maybe someone will donate is donate a
swarm or they will give you some nucs nucleus bees and brood frame those are
ready to go or you could buy package bees but you’re gonna want to get the
assistance of somebody who knows what they’re doing for that number two how
much honey for winter and what do you save okay if you’ve been looking at my
beehives I live in the northeastern United States along the Great Lakes
region and we’re in the snow belt right now it’s ten degrees outside and we have
snow everywhere so my bees depending on the size of the colony and how many bees
are in it and their consumption rate I save anywhere from fifty to a hundred
pounds of honey so then some people might say well you have a flow hive so
you just take all the honey right off right you don’t leave anything for the
bees I mean that’s what Flo have people do NO
it’s not what we do beekeeping has not changed just because you have flow
Hives the principles are the same the bees have to be fed I’m not in this to
collect the honey it just happens to be something that I do for kicks
so I’ll set up a brood box on the flow hive that gets filled up then you notice
if you look at my videos of my beeyard that there are medium supers out there a
medium supers a shallow box and that will be full of honey first then you’ll
see the flow hive super put on top of that then once I draw off the honey from
the flow hives I leave the honey in that medium super and whatever is in the
breadbox that’s their winter resource so I never take away everything there’s
only one hive in my colony in my apiary out there one bee colony is being fed
all the rest are living off of fifty to a hundred pounds of stored honey that’s
already in the colony so that’s how much I save because I live in the cold part
of the United States if you live in a southern climate or you live in an area
that’s more temperate or you know if it’s warm year-round and there’s
resources year-round you can probably take more and save less and get your
bees through and again the consumption rate isn’t all the same some people have
hive scales to show what the hive weighs and how much they might be
consuming if it starts getting really light then they know they have to feed
them my goal is not to have to feed my bees
third question Romove flow frames and use the box for feeding winter preps okay so
because I have flow hives I have done experiments where I left the boxes on
with the flow supers and the flow frames on through the year right through winter
and that was without a queen excluder and the reason was I wanted to see if
the bees with migrate up into the flow frames and not only use the honey there
but if the Queen could actually lay eggs in it now some people commented right
away on that video and said OH way to go you know you used a flow I have in a way
they told you not to and of course it’s messed up okay let me explain what I do
on my channel I study honeybee behavior so I do things that manufacturers of
products may not recommend and the reason I do that is to observe the
honeybees what’s the damage to the honeybee if I allowed it to go up into
the flow frames and if I allowed the Queen to lay eggs in those flow frames
in order to determine whether or not that’s even
possible those frames are deeper there’s a little bit larger and it’s unlikely
the Queen will lay eggs but guess what she did and then so what’s the problem
there is it ruined no it’s not ruined in the spring they will start to migrate
down through the hive again and they’ll start using the old frames for their
brood area and then the upper frames will be restored to honey production so
that’s what I did it was a test three colonies were left with total access to
the flow supers only one of those three actually used the flow frames to lay
eggs and have brood and now that’s being used for honey production and it
functions fine so there was not some terrible thing I did to the bees it was
something that I did in order to determine if it’s possible and if it is
what happens well what happened was they used it moved down cleaned it out and
now it’s restored a full service and those frames are still working fine now
what I do today to make sure that the bees don’t use those Flow supers in the
winter time is after that last september/october harvest when you still
have resources in the environment after you draw off the honey from your flow
frames then you have two options one is to pull the whole flow super off and
remove it to another location so that the bees can clean it up because that’s
what I like to do I like to let the beads clean those frames out on their
own and that’s what they’ve done now then I can put that box back on and use
it as a place holder with a feeder inside and that’s fine too but in the
spring you’re gonna have to get in there quick and restore those frames or you
just leave the whole box off leave a medium super on full of honeycomb so
that the bees have something to carry them through a winter so here’s here’s
the practice have your brood box have a medium super with honey remove the flow
super for winter and then just put the inner cover and the hive cover on that
and get them through winter and then in spring when your bees are doing great
and there’s a nectar flow on and they’re starting to fill up their resources
again you restore that flow super to your strongest colony so that they will
fill those frames those are my winter preps
I don’t do anything else for winter I don’t wrap my hives most of the hive
landing boards are facing south they’re just in well-constructed boxes I also
let the bees propolize everything and seal up their little drafty areas I
don’t pull apart all the brood frames just before winter because they have all
that connected honeycomb in there where they’ve controlled how they want the
airflow to go and so that the cluster can survive winter and that’s what I
leave on those are my winter preps nothing else I don’t wrap them they
are in a fairly shielded area as far as wind goes and I have an anemometer out
there that tells me what the wind speed is in the vicinity of my apiary and
that’s it this year the only thing I changed was I took away the upper
entrances for all of my hives for winter so now all they have are the lower
entrance landing boards for this winter so that’s it when her preps for FlowHives no
different number four electric fence around your hives okay I’ve been keeping
bees for a long time and last year was the first time I ever had a Bear come
and visit my honeybee apiary so did it destroy the entire apiary nope but what
it did do is it went after some of my unoccupied hives that were set out there
as a cleaning station and it tore into some of those and took one way out into
a field but because he did get something even though it was old comb that wasn’t
of any real value to the bear I knew he could come back so this year I put up an
electric fence now one of the things I did when I was studying honeybees before
I ever had my own I was doing photography and video of honeybees and
their situation when we were talking about colony collapse disorder I got to
see the damage that bears do and I got to see the way people set up their
apiaries and the protective measures that they put out now the electric fence
I used immediate temporary electric poultry netting because I’m also someone who
raises free-range poultry and we put up electric fencing for them I put that up
as a temporary precaution because they knew the bear would be back and it did
come back and it did not go into the apiary so that was good news but one
thing you want to do when your thinking about where to put your
electric fence I noticed that some people seem to act like they really
don’t have much space around their apiary maybe that’s true but if you have
space around where you’re keeping your beehives there’s no reason to run your
electric fence within a couple of feet of the hives themselves because here’s
what’s happening the bear is downwind and they’re
smelling your hives and they’re finding that location and they approach it and
you could probably do a pretty quick search and find people that have video
of black bears in particular getting right up next to their hives testing the
fence they can actually hear the clicking of your solar power system
because mine is solar powered for my electric fence and it makes it click sound
they have actually hit on that and strike it until they stop hearing the
click and then these bears know that they can get in the closer the bear is
to those hives and the more he’s worked up or she’s worked up trying to get to
the resources in this hive bodies the less effective that electric fence is
going to be so my thinking is make sure that electric fence my electric fence
was 40 or 50 feet from the beehives and still encompassing the entire area why
because I want that bear to get shocked and educated by the electric fence
before it is so close to the food resource that actually starts to lose
its judgment a little bit if it’s close to the bees that starts realizing that
it can get those bees and are smelling it they’re really after the brood that’s
what they you know they tear apart stumps in the woods and everything for
that they’ll even go after ants so if you can educate them before they’re all
worked up and really close to it you’re actually going to have a much
better protective measure in an electric fence some bears talking to other apiary
owners have gone right through a fence and I like to go and look it over to see
what the damage is and how they did what they did and inevitably that electric
fence what was within just a few feet of those hives so I recommend if you don’t
already have an electric fence set up Roger apiary that you run those strands
in that fence several feet away from the apiary the more of a protective zone
that you can make around that a perry the better so that’s all i can say about
that also I recommend you don’t use the solar ones if you’re apiary is close
enough to a building that you have household current 120 volt then I
suggest that you get the necessary equipment hook up to that and run it
off household power because you don’t want to have a whole bunch of cloudy
days and rain and everything else and that reduce your elective fence electric
fence effectiveness so that’s it and I’ve been doing that since last year and
no bear has gone through it you know water Oh water quality so what kind of
water do you give your bees well there are a lot of things that we learned last
year and I’ve done water testing before to see what kind of water the bees would
prefer and there are YouTube videos supporting everything that I’m about to
share with you today so the water quality we have a pure filter PU R which
is something we use in our house so I put that in a quart drinker and I put
out well water pond water swimming pool chlorinated water and we did a test to
see what the bees would go to most often so then we found out that they did
prefer the pure water okay over others it didn’t mean they didn’t use any of
the others they did they just didn’t use it as much so what that led to was do
bees like salt so then we did a salt test and I just used regular table
iodized morton salt and i put that at 1 teaspoon two teaspoons three teaspoons
and so on per quart until we figured out number one if they would even go for
salty water and then number two what the salinity level would be that they will
go after and they showed a preference for one teaspoon per quart of salted
water so then someone kept saying and thank you YouTube viewers someone kept
saying hey mister Dunn check out sea salts and check out pink Himalayan sea
salts and Celtic sea salt everybody had a suggestion about what kind of sea salt
to use so of course I went to Amazon and I ordered four or five different
varieties of sea salts and then so we did at the one teaspoon per quart of
fresh water we added sea salts from a lot of different
varieties and guess what we discovered that the bees are after minerals like
crazy so if we put in sea salts that have in some cases they they boast
eighteen different minerals and others have twenty or thirty different minerals
listen the package contents it really doesn’t matter what matters is that it’s
mineral Laden sea salt water that the bees go after and someone else on
YouTube said that they use it to cure their honey okay I don’t know about that
when people say things like that I launched my own kind of inspection on
that I’d search around and try to find out how does salt water help bees cure
honey I don’t know if you know please put that down in the comment section of
this video because I’d like to follow up more on that but I couldn’t find any
science one thing we do know for sure is they go after those minerals so now I
have a permanent mineral water station that the sea salts that they chose the
most were Morton sea salts and of course those Himalayan pink Himalayan
salts so I have a static station that has that available all the time and
there’s constantly bees going for that and what that has done is reduce their
need for mineral water from local pools bird baths ponds and puddles and yes
even after a rainy day you’ll see them we have dairy farms around here and
there’ll be puddles where the cow manure is and you’ll see honeybees on those
puddles why because it’s mineral rich so if you provide that mineral water pure
filtered water first sea salts added and then make that
available seven days a week 24 hours a day the bees find it and use it
routinely and it does improve their health and vigor so that’s something
that was really interesting that we discovered and are now using full-time
is it too cold for Flo hives now see that’s kind of an abstract question is
it too cold for Flow Hives do they mean materially in other words there’s a
plastic breakdown on the cold and become brittle and not work that end of it is
kind of non relevant because we really don’t use them in winter and if they’re
left in place in winter they don’t get cycled so there’s no stress on it I will
say that the Andersons appeared to have done extensive
destructive tests on the flow frame components because they had kind of a
documentary video showing how they were developing it and they had these pull
tests that’s a tensile strength test and sheer tests and everything
else to test that material which is a food-grade plastic before they use it in
the composition of those flow frames so the Friends of themselves by the way are
not showing that they’re fragile that they would break or something whether
they’re cold or warm so on that end no problem
so the other way that I might take this question is if I’m in a colder climate
isn’t not good for flow hives well that depends on honeybee production that
depends on honeybee numbers and how long your season is if you have piles of
forage around where you live like I do my bees fill those flow frames so they
work for me and I’m in the I’m in the snow belt it gets really cold here it
gets down into the single digits we get high winds we have a long winter and
they work here now farther north if you’re in Alaska or something or the
Upper Peninsula of Michigan or something like that and the the resource gathering
time for the bees is very narrow I would say that your success rate with any
honey production it’s going to be much reduced so it’s not necessarily specific
to flow frames but rather a general observation based on their honey
production overall so wherever honey productions high flow
frames would work wherever honey production is low or moderate they may
never get to them they may never fill them particularly if you’re doing it the
way I do where you have the brood box a medium super that has to be filled first
in some air is that medium super gets topped off and that’s it the bees are
done they’ve done everything they can so adding a flow simmer that would not work
it wouldn’t be beneficial there just isn’t enough nectar to go around number
six do I prep my flow frames the FlowHive questions are pretty interesting so flow
frames are made out of a food grade plastic and I don’t know if you haven’t
seen it please do a search and watch the video my very first one shows in great
detail exactly how the mechanism works the gaps that are in it
and everything else so do I prep them I don’t I’ve seen people actually get a
roller of hot melted beeswax and roll it across the face of the flow frames
maybe that encourages them to use them faster I don’t know for me and all the
flow supers and all the flow frames that I’ve used I’ve never done any prep
I haven’t sprayed it with sugar water I have not
primed them with any kind of beeswax I just put them on there and let the bees
explore the area and start to condition the area the way they would any other
part of their hive so I personally don’t do any prep if you find someone that is
putting wax or priming them that way maybe go to that YouTube video and ask
them did that accelerate it and it’s always important when you do something
like that if you’re gonna prep frames to have unprepped and prep frames even
within the same super so that side by side you can see wow these are really
going for the for the prepped primed frames faster than the unprimed or
unprepared frames you always have to have a comparison to make your
observations you know more grounded in actual preferences at the bees show and
you just need to know more than just having want to know whether that worked
or didn’t well another one isn’t around to compare to so comparison is really
important what do you do for year-round food for your bees okay that’s
something this year that we’ve really expanded on you look at the environment
and you look at what the bees are getting in when we are in January right
now so I know that by you know later in the month of February people will be
putting pollen patties and things like that on their hives I never do that
personally because when I go out there look at the landing board if they can
fly if we have those intermediate warm days where they’re break cluster
and start getting rid of the dead bees and they start flying out they’re
actually bringing in pollen right away last year we spent a lot of time my wife
and I wandered around our property and we live on the edge of
wetlands the woods Meadows we have a lot of variety here and we found those bees on
the wetland willow trees so the willow trees had big bold catkins that really
stand out because everything else is leafless that time of year and it was
easy to spot that and you could actually hear the bees on them before you can see
them so that was exciting because other
people were saying the first thing they’re gonna go for would be maple and
the named other trees but what they really were on first in my area was the
catkins on those willow trees so then that led me again to an online arbor
search and I found out salix discolor which is another willow variety that is
loaded with pollen like that and I went to a garden center and I bought some
online and had them shipped in because I wanted to compare the different species
and how well the bees take to them so I planted an entire hedge around the whole
upwind side of my apiary so we put six plants in there that this will be the
first spring coming that we’re going to see if the bees go straight to those but
what that does is provide an early pollen resource right away the next
thing is when you’re thinking about plantings remember that your impact
unless you have huge amounts of land is going to be kind of minimal but every
little bit helps so we’re looking for plants that bridge dearth periods so
where I live white clover for example is available
throughout the year so the bees are constantly getting resources off of that
and of course I try to influence all of my neighbors and Facebook friends and
things like that not to kill off clover not to kill off dandelions but to leave
those resources especially people that have these hundred acre fields that are
not being used or they have cattle on them or something but when they go to
crops they tend to kill everything off so the more diversity that carries you
through those dearth periods the more sustained your bees are going to be and
the other thing that I added this year were Maximillian sunflowers and I also
did a youtube about that foraging bees and the Maximilian’s actually carried
them farther into the fall than they otherwise would
have and those things are loaded with nectar and pollen so look that up the
other thing is there’s a tree variety that I have overlooked since I’ve been
here I planted it almost 300 trees so but last year again through my research
I wanted to find trees that would bridge that time when other trees were no
longer in bloom where their plants were no longer in bloom and I came up with
the little leaf linden so we planted three varieties of linden trees in a
field and that’s something that not a lot of people are talking about and I
wish they would look up linden trees as a pollinator tree because one acre of
linden trees you’re gonna somebody’s going to put in the comments that’s just
not true I’m telling you check it out one acre of linden trees produce on
average 1200 pounds of nectar one acre so people that are on smaller plots and
are looking for things to plant that will benefit bees and pollinators in
general a linden tree is way up the food chain as far as providing resources for
pollinators and honeybees so linden trees we put those out there so that’s
what we had it this year maximillian’s at the end of the season linden trees
are gonna bridge that late June into July period and they’re gonna be
providing for them and so now we’ve cut way down on that dearth period and this
year we’re also planning two acres of wild flowers native wildflower varieties so
all of these things together are going to boost the health and well-being of
the bees the mineral water the food resources in the environment and the
water quality that we’re providing for them so that’s year around food for
bees of course when they’re in their hives this time of year nothing’s coming
from the environment for them and they can’t get out to glean that anyway so
why do you keep bees you keep it for honey pollination wax I keep bees
because when silence of the bees came out as a documentary I started paying
attention to the honeybees and the colony collapse disorder that was being
talked about and I went looking for bees and as a photographer and a videographer
I covered acres of land and could not find a honeybee and that struck me so I
contacted our Department of Agriculture for my state I volunteered my
photographic services to go and photograph different conditions for the
bees and I also got to meet our state inspector our state inspector for the
department agriculture was the single greatest influence in my decision to buy
and own my own bees and that’s because every time you and I got together and I
was all excited about the bees and I wanted to photograph them and learn more
he said you know Fred you really need to just buy your own bees in fact get at
least two colonies and that will lead into another question down here how many
colonies start out with but he’s the reason I got my own bees because it just
seemed so obvious get your own bees have them close by and
then I can study their behavior so that’s what I do
I study honeybee behavior I photograph honeybees and I make video documentary
sequences of honeybees that get used all over the place there are grad students
at Cornell Department of Entomology that have have used my bee sequences and audio
collections for their master’s programs there are people making bee documentary
movies that contact me and I let them use my sequences case by case depending
on you know if I like the idea of the documentary that they’re doing and
that’s what I do I studied bee behavior why do I have an
observation hive I have an observation hive so I can get in there and with
macro equipment get close and in depth observations of honeybee behavior and
that has been so rewarding now are they earning income for me no so I’ve made a
lot of cool friends and I’ve been invited to talk about bees and give
presentations about bees and I enjoy doing that so the reason that I keep
bees is to learn about them to be honest and then of course after that to share
what I know so like my youtube bee videos go back to 2008 and that’s really
when I started realizing wow YouTube can be used to inform the public about bees
I did not realize that people would be watching these videos around the world
and that has basically closed the gap in our ability to learn from one another
and communicate about bees and that’s what I do
I raise bees I learn about them bought the flow hive and I think I’m going to
comment about that later on here but it just led me in so many
different directions that I did not expect and that’s why I raise bees to
learn about bees and observe them and then of course provide for them as best
I can in my region number nine how long the flowhive frames last million-dollar
question right there I have had flow frames in use for four years so we cycle
and harvest from the flow frames each one probably three times out of the year
and that’s a lot some people get maybe one harvest a year
where I live in my region so when are they gonna wear out I you know honestly
can’t even tell you I’m gonna guess that the the wooden where it’s gonna wear out
and require a replacement before those food grade plastic frames do on their
own they’re tough material the way they activate there are big gaps in between
the pieces in fact we were just talking about this last night with another
person that’s starting out with bees and because they have propolis and wax
connecting and sealing them up when you cycle them they’re propolis and wax is
also the lubricant when they’re moving so it’s not like these components are
wearing down so what else could wear them out well the bees could chew them
bees chew wood if you’ve ever seen the inside of a hive and seeing the edges
rounded off and stuff so it’s a lot of work for them to chew things but they
could wear things down so I do take them out and look at them to see if I can see
any physical you know wear and tear but what happens is on the ends of the cells
they have that layer of wax and they’re not chewing that away to get to the
plastic so the plastic itself the understructure the skeleton of the
mechanism is not showing any signs of wear now as with any other plastic what
would break it down high heat for one if you can smell classic you ever get in
your car on a super hot summer day and you can just smell the plastic from the
dash and all the things in there your plastics destabilizing where you can smell
it the particulates are in the air is degrading if you put things out in
bright sunlight the ultraviolet light is going to act on the plastic and
eventually discolor it and break it down it becomes brittle and useless flow
frames are never exposed to the Sun and and so they’re not exposed to the things
that would destroy the plastics or break it down or cause it to liberate itself
into honey suspension for example it’s not on my list here but I get lots of
they’re not so much questions I get comments on my YouTube so where somebody
will get in there and say plastic’s bad for people is bad for the bees of tuned
out honey that’s honey’s full of plastic and everything else okay let’s just
clear it up really quick there is zero evidence from any testing lab in this
country that honey in contact with flow frames the food grade plastic in flow
frames there is no evidence to date that any bit of that plastic makes its way
into your honey period and the very second a lab shows up with a
positive test of micro plastics in that honey I’ll be the first to share it with
you on YouTube because that’s something I’m constantly looking into and
constantly want to know about people you know it’s like they want to be against
the flow hive and they want it to fail I don’t know why it’s just a new tool in
beekeeping and either it works or it doesn’t but it’s almost like they
speculate so strongly that they speculate is if they know for sure that
that’s what’s happened there is zero evidence that plastic is leaching into
your honey the same people that are putting plastic foundations on their bee
frames that they don’t seem worried about it then and the same people that
run it through plastic filters and then they run their honey is stored in
plastic bins they don’t seem concerned about the honey in contact with all of
those plastic components but somehow because it’s part of a flow hive that
plastic is bad detrimental dangerous to bees it isn’t if it’s ever determined to
be dangerous or if those particulates get into the honey I’m gonna share that I
think you guys know if you’ve watched even my first flow hive
video you know that there’s something wrong with it I’m going to talk about
and share about it that’s why I’m here so next thing how long with a so the
flow frames they last we don’t know for years for sure
the upper entrance with or without a queen excluder okay here’s the thing
I get in conflict with people on this I don’t know why because I’m an on
conflict kind of person I just share information I’m not dictating you’ll
never have me tell you what you have to do I’m sharing what I do so when it
comes to Queen excluders first of all I don’t use Queen excluder then
somebody say but you definitely told us to use Queen excluders yes I told you to
and that’s because if you’re new to your bees and you’re not sure how bees behave
during different seasons through the year you’re gonna want your queen excluder in
because if you for example don’t wait for your bees to settle themselves into
your brood frames and you provide a bunch of different areas and you expand
the hive ahead of time they could be you could have a queen that starts laying
brood all over the place that’s not the normal pattern but it could happen so if
you’re gonna failsafe you’re gonna put your flow frames in there where did I
get my flow friends that’s not what I mean
your Queen excluder we’re gonna get my idea not to use Queen excluders well
many years ago I paid attention to Dr. Delaplane from the University of Georgia
he’s their chief entomologist there I don’t know what Dr. Kieth Delaplane does today but
he was the one that I saw not using Queen excluders and that was because it
slowed honey production that made perfect sense but being me that led me
to do other tests with you know queen excluders and so I had a big open
feeding station and I put a queen excluder on top of it and I was noticing
bees having difficulty even getting through those there’s another guy on
YouTube called Don the fat bee man you need to check him out he talks about
Queen excluders too- I’m not alone in suggesting that queen excluders wear out
your bees earlier the workers and they slow honey production in fact some of
the workers can’t even get through it and they give up
so then that leads to the next part of this question here the upper entrance so
during the summer my Hives have a three-quarter inch upper entrance hole
usually in the top shallow super and the reason for that is the bees come and go
freely from those honey supers and it speeds things up even if I don’t have a
queen excluder down below I have equal numbers of bees heading in through the
landing board as I do coming in through the top entrance so what that does is is
we’ve just accelerated their access to and from those honey supers there now
you should have the thing with bees is once the Queen
sets up in those brood frames and she’s laying and they have the pattern and the
bees are all attending here and the nurse bees are there and they’re taking
care of those bees then what they’re doing is they’re starting around the
periphery of that they’re building up their resources so that’s where you’re
gonna see lots of pollen packs and you’re gonna start to see the honey
cells filling and then so that medium super that I put on gets filled with
honey and so upon inspection when you look at that it’s all honey it’s nothing
but honey the chances of that queen bee crossing over that honey and then laying
your eggs up above it are almost zero so that’s when you can put on your Flow
supers above that and the bees are gonna put honey in there and the Queen’s not
even going that far to lay her eggs so if you’ve learned that’s why I say new
people yes put your queen excluder in there you have to understand to you that
in the in the flow hives where they live and if you look at their setup it’s a
deep box for brood and then it’s immediate it’s the Flow super so they better
put a queen excluder in that because there is no bridge area of nothing but
honey but the way I do it deep box at least one medium then the
flow super they’re not going to cross that solid honey frame to go up and lay
eggs and start a whole new zone okay of brood so that’s why I don’t use Queen Excluders
but it’s also why I suggest that you starting out do until you realize when
and how that happens you understand the patterns through the year of your honey
bee colony personal protective clothing somebody said I need to suggest that a
lot of old time beekeepers well I did a whole thing on personal protective
clothing there’s a youtube about it that I go over everything from just a veil
all the way through full protective suits I have everything I sit out there
for hours with nothing but you know a hat on some times just you know I’m not
wearing anything but a cup of coffee but I have everything else I have full suits
I have maximum protection suits because I do other things that video and I take
photos of things that will sting you that are after you things besides
honeybees so I’m equipped but if you’re new to beekeeping and your confidence is
not up don’t go out there in just a t-shirt and baggy shorts and learn about
your bees that way that’s just my suggestion okay I’m not saying don’t
like you know if you go out there you’re an idiot if you’re in a full suit or
likewise you’re an idiot if you’re not it’s personal preference but you’re not
gonna be able to reverse gears very well if you’ve gone out there with no
protection and you forget to smoke your bees and you just open it sometime
because that happens to people you know they’re just out there they get curious
about something they start pulling their beehive apart next thing you know they
realize they forgot to smoke the bees so until your confidence is up just have a
full bee suit and you know there are a lot of companies I’ve tested bee suits
from everybody that makes bee suits the maximum protection suits are fantastic
you know there are ventilated suits a lot of different companies have strong
points in their suits that are not across the board there’s like the best
ventilated suit there’s the best maximum protection suit there are lightweight
suits you know is something that you’re just going to want to be comfortable in
but you want to be comfortable around your bees you want to be protected
after you’ve become protected and confident then start shedding bits of
your suit until you realize you understand your bees
and what their behavior is the other thing is the type of veil that you get
how close is that thing to your face some people it always amazes me when
somebody’s got a full bee suit on and they go man I got stung right on the
nose right on the lip or right on the cheek I don’t know they you know they’re
working and they lean forward they push our face right up against that veil so I
would suggest when you get your piece suit see how far out the veil goes those
a buckfast Abbey veils are really around in a sick way out
probably good starter because that way everything’s well away from your face
terrible feeling too if you think you’re all zipped up and sealed up and there’s
a bee flying around right here and you think wow I want to go away then you
realize that things on the inside your suit don’t panic so just go somewhere
else think the bee suit off and get that beat out of there there were a lot of
times early on when I was out working with the bees and I’d be back inside
would have been inside for like an hour and I’m sitting at the computer typing
something up and I feel something moving on under my pant leg and it’s a honey
bee so wear protection be aware of where the bees are going you don’t want a bad
situation or when it comes to little children in particular unless you know
that’s a judgement call you want little kids to be protected because you never
know when the bees are suddenly going to have a change of attitude you want to be
ready for that okay locating bees I think by that question locating bees is
where to put your beehives me personally you want to put in an area where the
ground is not damp all the time you do not want to put your beehives just like
your chicken coops you don’t want to put them right where the tree line meets an
open field everything that hunts and scavanges goes
along the tree line you want your beehives in the open somewhere you want
them to be also sheltered from wind so when it comes to so once you create your
spot for your apiary and hopefully there’s a break so like here where I
live we have continuous forests everywhere and we have every kind
while life there is so if I had put my beehives in the woods that just be gone
so having them out in the open the other thing is put hedges you know around your
bees and kind of protect them protect them from the wind prevailing wind so
you can set up a fence system you can do all kinds of things to protect your bees
but locate them so that they’re landing boards face south if you’re in the
northern climate so that on those days like today it’s you know in the single
digits and tens and 12s we still had nice sunshine so the south facing hives
warmed up a little bit and they were doing cleansing flights out into the
snow and some of the ones that went out in the snow actually did their thing
they eliminated and then they got the energy to fly back and make it back into
the hive that was kind of unexpected usually on a day like today it’s a
one-way trip but so locating your hives in a place and a place where you can see
them that’s the other thing there’s some people that have property on the country
they don’t even live there and they’ll just go set their hives out there they
kind of overestimated how much time they’re going to have to go out and
visit them I recommend as I do my hives are you know within 80 feet of where I’m
standing right now so even on a coffee break I can go out and check up on them
and see what’s going on early in the morning and go out and see if they were
visited by a predator I also have surveillance cameras on my beehives
because I want to see anything that comes and goes there because if a bear
comes through and destroys everything I’m gonna get a sweet youtube out of it
at least so I’m gonna lose everything at least I’m gonna be able to share with
you the failure so locate your bees where they’re accessible where they’re
high and dry and facing south if you’re in northern climate or wherever you know
shelter them from prevailing winds in an area that you will frequently go to how
many hives that’s a good question if you’re starting out how many bee hives
should you have again I’m gonna go back to the state inspector when he was
talking to me about starting my own hives and he said don’t just get one
Fred get two that’s wise advice do you know why if you only have one hive
of bees and you think they’re they’re doing great or they’re not doing great
you have nothing to compare that to so you want at least two colonies let me
add something to that when I first got the flow I from the IndieGoGo campaign
and I did that video about it and then I went out and I put that in my apiary the
first year and I chose a bee hive and I put it on that one bee hive
they did nothing they didn’t touch the floor frame so you can go up in there at
all so the thing there was if I’d only had one colony to test that out on you
know what my decision would have been about that Flo super that it just doesn’t
work that I spent a lot of money the bees didn’t use it I didn’t get honey
out of it and it just didn’t work so then what I did was I took that Flow
super and it put it on another colony the colonies appeared to be of equal
strength now what happened was that colony went straight to work on it and
filled it up with honey so what I had was one colony of bees that really
didn’t respond to it and didn’t use the space
while another colony did and then I bought two more Flow supers and I put
those on other hives so I started to move them around to the bees that use
them first but then the bonus was once had been used and cycled once and I take
it back to that first hive they didn’t do anything with them once they’re used
by bees and you put them on that colony then those bees used them too right away
they just started moving in and storing stuff so I don’t know if the other bees
after they use it and honey was extracted if they left enzymes or you
know there’s pheromone there that made them think that it’s okay it’s used by
bees because they’re not from the same colony all the Flow supers work now in
all of my hives and as of this year 2019 every hive in my apiary will be a flow
hive so absolutely work start with at least two hives so that you can make
comparisons about their success edible apiary hedge okay now around my apiary
here I have some blue spruce and things like that to provide shelter from wind
and everything and even shade and I’ve what I’ve done is I’ve taken
each spruce tree and tucked a beehive in it and that speeds up those bees finding
their hive and it’s also somewhat sheltered the other thing is I realize
if I’m planning a hedge around my apiary why would I plant anything for a hedge
that is not edible or beneficial to the bees I mean plants are plants so that’s
why I went with those Salix discolor those early pollen sources for my bees
I’ve begun to create my hedge around my apiary out of that because that’s going
to be an edible windbreak so if you haven’t planned it around your apiary
yet and you’re kind of thinking well I want to cut down on the wind and you
know I want it to be pretty and you know I want it to be a place that I want to
go and sit and stuff and I want it to benefit the bees this is your time where
you can make a decision about planting plants that the bees can actually use
for food so you’re gonna plant a hedge anyway don’t ya evergreens are cool
because they’re also habitat for birds and things like that and those trees are
going to be huge so plant edible hedges crab apples dwarf crabs things like that
you can even plant blueberries and things like that so those are all things
are going to produce for wildlife and provide a windbreak and protection even
visual protection if you’re just trying to hide your apiary to so that people can’t
see it from a distance edible fringe around your apiary do bees
like flow frames to store honey what’s your experience again I’ve kind of
answered that already bees don’t like or dislike the frames or places that
they’re gonna put their honey and that question by the way was just asked today
and I told a guy on YouTube in response to his question I’m doing a Q&A today
for YouTube and it will launch later and you’ll get your answer there so bees
don’t like or dislike flow frames any more than I like her just like acorn
frames which I also use or wooden frames or foundation frames anything that you
happen to use it’s not whether they like or dislike it it’s just where the
user Jung so when it comes to flow frames yeah they use it as I mentioned
before if I only had one colony and one flow super on it I would only know I
would either say it was awesome it’s a use it or I would say it didn’t work
that well or at all if they didn’t but it’s been my experience that they’re
using it that it works great I’ve done several videos showing that the proof is
just in the in the way they use it and I’m voting with my dollars I am going to have
my entire apiary flow supers and flow frames and flow hives so they absolutely
work and I’ve been doing flow hives for four years now so that’s my experience
they work and then the last question mouse guard or trap okay now this is
something by the way that I’ve been paying attention to also is mice we have
deer mice where I live we also have shrews and we have the regular house
mice which are all great so they periodically do get into beehives
they don’t go into all of my beehives but when I find mouse nest material in the
Beehive I set traps and trap out the mice so you might say well why don’t you
just put a you know a mouse card on the front of it
some people use half-inch hardware cloth and they put that across the front or
they put a mouse guard on there and it’s got the little either little holes or
it’s got the little arches that keep the mice from going in here’s what happens
in wintertime for me and it’s something I was doing today – it is cleaning out
the dead bees the hives going into winter have your first big winter storm
if you’re in the north again this may not apply to you in the south where the
bees are coming to go on all the time and you just want to eliminate mice in your hive but in the north where we have a die-off there will be dead bees piling
up on the bottom board of your hive and then when you get a warm day they’re
gonna fly out their dead so you’ll see I’m just flying out dropping them in the
snow if you have a mouse card there you run the risk of the mice and not the
mice but you run the risk of the dead he’s piling up against that Mouse guard
and then there’s no exit point for your bees so that’s kind of a nightmare
and then you think well I’ll just go out there and I’ll pull the mouse guard off
from time to time and I’ll clear those out a little put the mouse guard back
no reason to trap the mice okay well you might mean well you might think you’re
gonna do that what ends up happening is you end up with a bunch of trapped bees
with a bunch of dead bee bodies on the bottom and again I’m speaking
specifically about northern climates down in the south again you may not have
this big winter die-off though where I live you go into the fall and the first
big winter storm that happens those summer bees that are residual bees that
are still inside your colony along with those that are gonna winter over they
begin to die out and they because they can’t fly and they can’t get out they’re
just dying on the bottom and normally the workers would fly those out with a
mouse guard in place that is extremely difficult for them to do and they just
can’t fly them out so I set traps for the mice and I trap them out and that’s
only when I find out that there is hive that’s being visited by mice how do I
know that because they put security cameras out there that are motion
activated and I also put trail cameras out there so I can see if they’re facing
the hives you put that thing on maximum sensitivity and set it on night mode
only you’ll see which hives are being visited by mice and then you can decide
whether you want to trap that Mouse or whether you think you have to put a
mouse guard on there I don’t put mouse guards on because just like today I went
out there and I use chopsticks and I sweep out the dead bees sometimes you
just can’t get out there and if there’s a mouse guard preventing your bees from
coming and going they can’t do their own clean-out either so you just might be
trapping your bees with a mouse guard so the other observation I made was the
flow hive 2 – I’m sorry to talk about flowhives so much but it is an area that I’m
constantly evaluating the flow hive – 2 has a narrow landing board entrance and
there’s an aluminum piece that lays across the bottom the mice and voles and
shrews aren’t even trying to get in there
so that was very interesting that it’s too small for them where a normal langstroth landing board has a nice deep opening and you’ve got an entrance
reducer on there the mice actually squeeze into those if they really want
to get in there and it’s always the younger mice so they’re gonna get in
there and they’re gonna eat they might even eat dead bees I don’t
know what they’re eating in there is I don’t have a camera inside but I can see
what they’re visiting and what they’re not and they’re not even attempting to
get into the flow hive twos anymore so the other Langstrogh bottom boards and
stuff they do come and go periodically and I have what I call a tiger hive
which is out tucked into a blue spruce tree that was the most visited and then
I trapped out all those mice and there are no mice coming to that anymore
so we’re already you know we’re in January the mouse problem is done
that’s it those are all my questions let me know if you found this video helpful
at all because I can certainly do more of these I don’t have to go into the bee yard
and make observations and make Bee videos too to share with you can just share
knowledge so if you have questions please put them down in the in the
questions beneath the video and they’ll receive more you know thumbs up tags on
the questions that rise to the top those would be the ones that I’ll re-address or
give more information about what I’ve covered today or we can also add stuff
and I’ll be happy to talk about anything you want to learn about in the future
here so if this works and this is a good format let me know and then again add
your new questions down below and the more that people click on those you know
we’ll take the top 10 next time and we’ll address those thank you so much
for watching subscribe to my channel if you want to and if you want to see more
I appreciate it that you’re here watching this today thanks again

Comments

  1. Fred,
    I really have enjoyed your videos. I have marathoned all of your new videos and have gone back to watch your chicken and other videos.
    Anyone that thinks your in this for just the honey, clearly have not been following your channel.
    I find a parallel between the negativity of the flowhive and digital cameras. When I was in college 30 years ago for my photography degree, we were shooting in film and developing our film. At the time there was so much negativity almost hostility towards digital photography. The belief at the time was “real photographers use film.” And “digital photography is a fad that won’t last.”
    30 years later ALL my equipment is digital. The Flow system gets a lot of the same kind of hate… It’s a fad. It won’t work. It will harm the bees. The plastic is bad for us and the bees… And currently, there is no science to back these statements up, this negativity is all rubbish.
    Thanks for your continued informative content in all your videos.
    I am retired Army and have been researching bees and learning everything I can about bees for about 4 years now. And much like the state inspector who told you to just do it, I listened to you and others, have done it. I have ordered my bees which will be here in April, I have ordered my hives which should be here in the next couple of weeks. And finally I have registered for the basic bee keepers class in February and am looking forward to it.
    Thanks again for all you do, you are definitely an inspiration to those of us new to the world of bees.
    Larry

  2. CORRECTION: Regarding the Linden Tree nectar load – Should have been 1,100 – 1,200 pounds of nectar per acre NOT per tree. Recommended viewing https://youtu.be/uI-i-aj34Vc

  3. I love ur product reviews i love all ur vids IMO an empty box with foundation will attract hive moth – I dont think i will ever know everything about bees even if i live to a million years old they are soooooo fascinating Happy New Year Mr Dunn

  4. Just a speculation regarding the bees preference for saltwater; man uses salt as a preservative, maybe the bees already "knew" about salt's ability to be a preservative. It could be one reason why honey stays good for so long. Just a thought.

  5. I think the people who put the electric fence close to the bee hives are trying to save money using as little wire, posts and other electrical supplies as possible. But your idea of putting the fence out further away from the target makes sense.
    We use salt to dehydrate many kinds of food to keep bacteria away so we can preserve it for a longer period of time. The bees might be using salt for the same reason. As we know, honey by it's self can be used as a natural antibiotic. The ancient Egyptians used to use it like we use Neosporin today. Bees spend time fanning their wings to dehydrate the honey for a while before they cap it. They're trying to bring the moisture content down to a certain percent before capping. Perhaps the salt helps them save some time doing this.
    Also, perhaps the bees like and drink the salt water for the same reasons we might drink Gatorade. Bees that spend time foraging for nectar all day may need to re-hydrate themselves and put back some electrolytes because they are working hard. Same thing if we are working hard outside gardening, playing sports and such. We need to re-hydrate and replace electrolytes in our bodies.

    I couldn't help but think of Monty Python's Holy Grail scene of "Bring out yer dead!… clang Bring out yer dead!"…*clang*" when you said "On a warm day, they're going to fly out their dead." LOL

  6. A substance may dissociate without necessarily producing ions. As an example, the molecules of table sugar dissociate in water (sugar is dissolved) but exist as intact neutral entities. Another subtle event is the dissociation of sodium chloride (table salt) into sodium and chlorine ions. Although it may seem as a case of ionization, in reality the ions already exist within the crystal lattice. When salt is dissociated, its constituent ions are simply surrounded by water molecules and their effects are visible (e.g. the solution becomes electrolytic). However, no transfer or displacement of electrons occurs. Actually, the chemical synthesis of salt involves ionization. This is a chemical reaction. (Copied from Wikipedia)
    I am wondering if this process of ionization is involved in the ‘purification’ or ‘curing’ of honey? Perhaps the use of salt water/ionization allows honey to lose water more efficiently. Alternatively, perhaps the greater availability of certain chemicals such as iodine in mineral salt is an important ingredient as a natural antibacterial/germicide or fungicide in honey production by bees. Be nice to know for sure.

  7. Lots of good advices especially about the willows and the linden trees that manny beekepers consider them toxic for the bees.I have a pristine- its a natural reservation- and huge linden forest just one kilometer away from my apiary.Another good tree its the black locust thats native from USA( one kilometer in the otther direction to the linden forest i have a black locus forest).Lately i got into planting protea plants (macadamia is the best known protea) like the sugar bushes from South Africa and New Zealand .They have soo much nectar that natives just soak a.few flowers in a cup of tea or water to make it sweet.For the moment il start with the most cold hardy protea called Gevuina Avellana from Patagonia and if il have success il try otthers as well.

  8. Today I saw a short small bee with a blue butt visiting flowers so when I got to my computer I looked it up. Apparently it is a native stingless bee here in Australia and there were about 6 types. Very pretty with a metallic aqua blue butt. It is a group being investigated as a possible enclosed tomato field pollinator. I also read somewhere that young linden flowers can be added to brewing tea as a soothing medicinal cough suppressant.

  9. I don’t have a question right now but please keep doing the Q & A i really enjoy your knowledge of bees in their behavior if I wasn’t so allergic to stings I to would have my own hives

  10. Hi Frederick, Thank you for posting this! We have received our Flow Hive 2 and have selected where to put our hive. This will be our first endeavour into bees, so we have joined the local bee club and been attending meetings. Everyone has recommended getting a second hive as well, so I'm looking into that. I'm a little concerned that I won't be able to receive the second one in time for this season. I live in the north as well so also have ordered the additional super. Looking forward to putting this hive together, but I'd like to do some pyrography on it first (your videos have inspired me!). 
    Here are some of my questions:
    Do you have an opinion on Cedar vs Araucaria wood of the Flow Hive 2?
    What has been your experience with the different types of bees?
    What specifically would you recommend for hedging? (BTW thank for the plug on the Linden— my husband has been against getting one, but once you said it on this video, he asked "OK so where do you want to plant our Linden?"
    Where did you get the inspiration for your Winnie the Pooh picture?
    Thank's again for posting. (this is a repost from the original video)
    Enjoy the rest of your day!

  11. great post thanks Fred look forward to more my colonies here in the Pacific Northwest are doing real good abnormally warm though I put my bees away with around 12 deep frames filled with honey I checked them a week ago and they're still loaded with honey so I'm looking forward having a good healthy colonies when the maple bloom and we get into the Blackberry bloom

  12. Electrified chain link, maybe? Set well away from anything of interest to a bear and run the current under the ground in a plastic pipe. Mineral salt, wow! Interesting. Thanks.

  13. About the bee suit protection. I always wear a vale because you never know that if you sneeze or cough it might alarm the bees. It may sound crazy but, my bees seem to know me and will sting a stranger and not me. Best to be safe and not sorry.

  14. Thanks so much for sharing your passion and knowledge without judging…simply informing and being inquisitive is refreshing. Beginner here and I found a state (Indiana) association and signed up for their Beginner classes next month – but I need to order all my hive stuff now or will end up waiting another year(?). I'm planning to build my 1st hive using a 10 frame Deep Langstroth base (brood) box then add a Medium – and then followed by a 7 Frame Flow Hive Super. As this will be my 1st attempt – Do I just populate the Deep box and wait to add the others later – or put the Deep & Medium together right away and then add the Super later once everything is doing well and built out? And do you prefer Boxed bees or getting a Nuc? Thanks

  15. Thank-you Mr Dunn, the best vid answered so many questions I had. Doing my first bee hives this spring , got my flow hive 2 for Christmas (great husband) and will be following your set up. Can't wait a little nervous and excited all in one, was going to do only one hive. Have a nuc ordered but now I'm getting a package also to compare great advise. Thanks again Lora

  16. Thank you for the Q&A. Can you do a review on. Big Shrimpy Beehive winter insulation. I would like to see how many deep 10 it will cover or how many super plus one deep it will cover.

  17. Fred you are absolutely right about the Linden tree. Hands down trees provide way more resources. I started with three hives when I first started bee keeping.

  18. Fred I want more of a windbreak, I have one but I want a more beneficial one. So what are you using for your hedge? What type of Evergreen? Thanks,

  19. Do bees physicaly move the brood up and down the frame during winter? This is by far the longest video i have ever watched on youtube. Its long but great. Thank you for sharing.

  20. Really helpful and a nice synopsis of things you have done. Would love more Q&A videos especially when nothing much is going on with the bees. I laughed out loud when you said the bit about getting a sweet video of the bear destroying your apiary. 😁

  21. "Its almost like they speculate so strongly that they speculate as if they are sure that has already happened." I have never heard it stated so well, and at the same time so neutrally. No judgement, no comment about people who do not get evidence of a crime before they ask for the death penalty (on any particular topic) – I need to remember this sentence. Might help me to deal with people – and myself – to make sure we are debating facts and how to use them rather than best guess seat of the pants, someone told me kind of thought processes.

  22. Frederick,
    I totally loved this. The format is very good, I would not change a thing. In future videos, I would love it if (when your observations are complete) you would share the results of current research. I don't know that I can be more specific because you may not tell what you are researching, and I am reasonably confident there are always things you are researching. If I have something I would like researched, I will put in a request (which seems a little presumptive on my part, but you did invite such requests so I feel enabled).

  23. So many beekeepers are in for the honey instead of it’s Noble vocation. You Sir,are a true beekeeper Ambassador and also,blessed with knowledge!

  24. Question about the 3/4 inch openings you provide your bees. Do you plug them up over the winter? I really like the idea of making it easier for the foragers to come and go.

  25. How hot does it get during your summers? We can get up to, and a bit over 100 F over a period of about a week every summer. I imagine since the flowhive is the product of an Australian Inventing Family that it would be able to handle these summers here. What do you think?

  26. Hello, I have a question about planting an edible hedge or a fence barrier useful as an effective flight path re-director to get them to fly up & over to avoid human contact as much as I can. What is the recommended distance this should be from the entrance of the front of the hive?

  27. One bit of anecdotal advice I have been given regarding mice is that they hate mint of all types. I will be planting mint all around my hives to see if it keeps the field mice out – we have a lot that come into our back yard to clean up after our backyard chicken flock at night. I know this, because the dang dog catches them and brings them inside sometimes! Have you ever heard anything about mint plants keeping mice away? I know you're not big on anecdotes, but I am curious to see if this works for my hives is that something you would want me to let you know to try out?

  28. Thanks for making these a playlist.. Looking forward to learning from these! I know you are FULL of excellent knowledge. Edit: 25:00 YES! Linden Trees are Amazing Sources! I have seen the bees just swarming in Linden Trees! This is such an excellent video! I think the REAL problem with plastics is the hormone mimicking (estrogen especially) compounds they release. That said, PTE and a few others are supposed to be better. So a question to investigate this further might be, what do the hormone levels test out at compared to anon-plastic hive?

  29. Avoid tree lines for the location of beehive. Tree line… I cannot picturize it what that means, exactly. Don't put the beehive between the trees? I'm so far 18/25 streams of this series. I'm getting there to finish, though ^_^

  30. Hi, Fred. Yes! I just finished watching a couple of hours of your videos, and I enjoy them very much. I would love to keep bees. Now I am disabled and live in senior housing, so I don't have the option, but though I am extremely allergic to flying insect stings, I really love bees. I think they are fascinating. I love learning about them. I find your videos highly engaging. I am also a photographer, though I have had some salt on my tail for a few years now. When I was in high school (at least a few weeks ago) I used to help a neighbor to hot-knife and extract honey with a centrifugal extractor. He left me several books about bees, which I read with great interest, and I expect I have remembered most of what I read. Thanks very much for your contribution to those that have a real interest in bees. Steve — in the Great Pacific Northwest

  31. My sister doesn't have internet, but she does have a dvd player. Is it at all possible to get your FAQ 1-13 on dvd for purchase? I'd love to buy it for her.

  32. Fred I really appreciated the part about what you do for winter prep with the Flow Hive. I recently bought a 6 frame 1st gen flow hive. I will have to build a medium super or 2 with the reduced length to use on top of the brood box as you suggested. Dampness is the winter problem here in coastal BRitish Columbia so I will tilt the hive slightly forward and leave an opening in the inner cover. Thanks again!k

  33. Maybe the salt/minerals helps with lowering the moisture rate in the honey, almost like a natural preservative.

  34. Just started watching great info!!! going to watch all of them. Mr. Dunn keep the very good working going. Thank you very much!!!

  35. Hello, I really enjoy your videos on beekeeping. The first video I saw on beekeeping was yours and on the flow hive. Have you looked into the copies of the flow hives?

  36. What brand honey supers do you find work the best with the flow hives?

    I ask because I’ve heard that unlike 10 frame hive boxes 8 frame boxes aren’t exactly standard between manufacturers.

  37. I use sea water 100 ml on one liter and quarter of normal water and they love it mineral galore.

  38. Thank you for taking the time to share your knowledge & insight with those of us, looking to learn & participate in bee keeping.

  39. Water quality for bees never crossed my mind? THANK YOU for making a point to share this information. I use pink hyminlasian salt SO IT IS ON HAND AT ALL TIMES but had you not pointed it out, i would not have even considered sharing it with the winged visitors to my garden. I use a companion planting method and have marigolds in every single raised bed of my garden and i do see my share of bees even though i do not YET have a hive of my own but i will be sure to add salt to small solar fountain i have out for decoration.

  40. What about rain water. I noticed mine collect rain water off the landing board, grass, and flowers, after a fresh rain.

  41. This videos are really informative and provide a great learning experience, I appreciate you sharing your knowledge.

    Do you ever have a nice problem with snow on the ground too?

  42. Fred, love your videos. They are a great teaching tool. Here is a question:. If a frame is extracted with too much nectar, can the moisture content be reduced (after harvest) to an acceptable level?

  43. At 25:00 you were talking about Linden trees, I stopped the video to check them out and came across something saying there may be some controversy over the Silver Linden tree in association with honey bee deaths. So I thought maybe I should ask what particular type(s) you have?

    Finished your video, and heck yes I find it very useful.
    I’ve been learning and volunteering with a couple beekeepers for 2-1/2 years now, I’m not going to get any bees of my own for the time being, I can’t dedicate my time to them just yet, and I’m still just learning, but YouTube can be an interesting place to learn as well.

    You did a great job on this video, but remember to take some comments with a grain of salt, maybe Morton or Himalayan…haha!
    Thanks

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