Orchids are amongst the most beautiful flowers of the entire plant kingdom, combining exotic looks with a diverse set of characteristics. Comprising over 30,000 different species and over 200,000 hybrid varieties Making orchids one of the two largest families of plants in the world. Capable of growing indoors and outdoor. Some orchids are easier to grow than others. Cattleya, Phalaenopsis and Paphiopedilum orchids are amongst the easiest to grow and are recommended for most beginner gardeners and orchid growers. Some first-time orchid growers make the mistake of assuming that orchids need to be potted in soil like other blooming flowers Choosing potting soil as a conduit. That would likely kill your orchid. Most orchid roots need far more air than potting soil would give them But they still need something to anchor their roots, and so they benefit from a looser, more porous mix. Many people use bark chips, sphagnum moss, coconut husks, charcoal, perlite, and even styrofoam pellets as potting mix, often in combination. Experiment with porous, breathable mixes that you have on hand, or ask an expert for his or her special recipe. For simplicity’s sake, you can make two basic kinds of potting mixes that will work for most kinds of orchids. Make sure to add water to your mix and strain it before using for best results. Make a fine potting mix, suitable for slipper orchids, most oncidiums, miltonias, and orchids with small roots that enjoy moisture more than most: 4 parts fine coco husk. 1 part fine charcoal. 1 part perlite. Make a medium potting mix, suitable for cattleyas, phalaenopsis, and other mature orchids. If you’re unsure of which mix to use, try the medium-grade potting mix before the fine-grade mix: 4 parts medium coco husk. 1 part medium charcoal. 1 part perlite. Many orchids are comfortable being root-bound. Choose a smaller pot to place your orchid in, making sure that there are plenty of holes in the pot itself for drainage. Remember, the enemy of orchids is often over-watering. Some orchids, such as cymbidiums, will require longer pots to accommodate very long root systems. Remove the orchid from its original pot, making sure to cut off any dead or rotting roots. Divide the root matter into several different sections, if needed, before placing the plant in its pot.