Jobs in Agriculture: Georgia Mountain Research and Education Center | Fast Forward


IF YOU COULD BE ANY KIND OF
PLANT, FRUIT, OR VEGETABLE, WHAT WOULD YOU BE? BECAUSE OF THE MANY
COMPLEX LAYERS, AND I FEEL LIKE THAT’S
HOW MY PERSONALITY IS. Katelyn: I WOULD BE A CANTALOUPE
BECAUSE THEY’RE SWEET &
DELICIOUS. Amiri: I WANT TO BE A TREE BECAUSE THEY’RE BIG AND TALL
AND THEY REPRESENT LIFE, AND I LOVE LIFE. ♪ MUSIC ♪ WELCOME BACK
TO FAST FORWARD. RIGHT NOW WE’RE ENJOYING THE
VIEW FROM BRASSTOWN BALD THE HIGHEST POINT IN GEORGIA, ALMOST 4,800 FEET
ABOVE SEA LEVEL. SO WHY ARE WE UP HERE? WELL, IT’S CLOSE TO
WHERE WE’RE GOING, BUT… THE TRUTH IS WE JUST THOUGHT IT WAS
REALLY COOL TO SEE. OKAY. TIME TO GET TO WORK. TODAY WE’RE VISITING TO THE
UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA’S MOUNTAIN RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
CENTER IN BLAIRSVILLE, BECAUSE IF THERE’S ANY
CHANCE THAT SOME DAY YOU’LL WANT TO MOVE OUT
OF YOUR PARENTS HOUSE AND GET A JOB
SOMEWHERE IN GEORGIA, THERE’S SOMETHING
YOU SHOULD KNOW. Joe: ONE OUT OF SIX JOBS
ARE AGRICULTURALLY RELATED IN THE STATE OF GEORGIA. COME BACK? Joe: ONE OUT OF SIX JOBS
IN THE STATE OF GEORGIA HAVE TO DO WITH AGRICULTURE. THAT’S JOE GARNER, AND HE KNOWS WHAT
HE’S TALKING ABOUT. Joe: CAN YOU BELIEVE IT, YO? HE’S THE SUPERINTENDENT HERE, SO I’LL LET HIM TELL YOU A
LITTLE MORE ABOUT THE PLACE. Joe: THE ACREAGE HERE AT THE
GEORGIA MOUNTAIN RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER
IS 400 ACRES. WE’RE PART OF 7 RESEARCH
AND EDUCATION CENTERS THAT SUPPORT THE COLLEGE OF
AG & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ACROSS THE STATE OF GA. WE HAVE IN PAST TIMES SAID
THAT WE DO EVERYTHING FROM APPLES TO ZUCCHINI. WE DON’T DO ZUCCHINI ANYMORE, BUT WE ARE ONE OF THE MOST
DIVERSIFIED RESEARCH CENTERS AS FAR AS CROPS AND FACULTY THAT WE SUPPORT ACROSS
THE STATE OF GEORGIA. SO BASICALLY THIS IS A PLACE
WHERE THEY TEST HYPOTHESES ON THE BEST WAY TO GROW A
WIDE VARIETY OF PLANTS. ON A SIDE NOTE, HYPOTHESIS IS JUST
A FOUR DOLLAR WORD THAT MEANS A PREDICTION
OF WHAT WILL HAPPEN IN A TESTABLE SITUATION. SO JOE AND HIS CO-WORKERS HELP
EXECUTE A SERIES OF TESTS ON THE BEST WAY TO GROW PLANTS TO MAKE THEM MORE
DROUGHT RESISTANT, DISEASE RESISTANT, AND EVEN MAKE FRUITS LIKE
APPLES TASTE BETTER. Joe: HOW ABOUT THEM APPLES? AND BECAUSE… Joe: ONE OUT OF SIX JOBS
IN THE STATE OF GEORGIA HAVE TO DO WITH AGRICULTURE. AND WITH THAT IN MIND, THERE’S SOMEONE I
WANT YOU TO MEET. Wayne: I’M WAYNE HANNA,
AGRICULTURAL ROCK STAR. THAT’S ACTUALLY
DOCTOR WAYNE HANNA. AND WHILE HE’S FOOLING AROUND, THE TRUTH IS, IN THE WORLD OF AGRICULTURE,
HE REALLY IS A BIG DEAL, EVEN IF HE DOES SPEND
A LOT OF HIS DAYS WATCHING THE GRASS GROW. Wayne: WE DEVELOP BOTH FORAGE
AND TURF GRASSES AT TIFTON,
GEORGIA THE GRASSES WE PRODUCE ARE
BROADLY ADAPTED AROUND THE
WORLD. WE BASICALLY, THEY’RE GROWN SAY 35, 38 DEGREES
NORTH AND SOUTH OF THE EQUATOR ALL THE WAY AROUND THE EARTH. SO THAT COVERS ABOUT
80% OF THE EARTH. AND THERE’S A PRETTY GOOD
CHANCE YOU’VE SEEN HIS WORK. Wayne: IF YOU WATCH
SOCCER, OR FOOTBALL, BASEBALL, OR GOLF
ON TELEVISION, YOU’RE WATCHING ONE
OF OUR GRASSES. SOME OF OUR SPORTS TURFS HAVE
BEEN USED IN VARIOUS PLACES LIKE NORTH CAROLINA’S
FOOTBALL FIELD, AUBURN’S FOOTBALL FIELD, GEORGIA TECH, SOFTBALL FIELDS, SOCCER FIELDS AT
UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA. IF YOU GO TO TIF SPORT DOT COM YOU CAN LOOK AT ALL THE
PLACES THAT HAVE IT. IT’S A, THERE’S A LONG LIST. SEE? AGRICULTURAL ROCK STAR. SO HE’S THE PERFECT
GUY TO ANSWER A QUESTION I’VE ALWAYS WONDERED ABOUT. IS THE GRASS REALLY GREENER ON
THE OTHER SIDE OF THE FENCE? Wayne: ACTUALLY THE LAST GRASS
THAT WE DEVELOPED IS GREENER. IT’S CALLED TIF GRAND. IT IS GREENER, IT STAYS GREENER WHEN
THE FROST COMES. I THOUGHT SO. Wayne AND THE GRASS IS ALWAYS
GREENER ABOVE THE SEPTIC TANK. EXCUSE ME? Wayne: THE GRASS IS ALWAYS
GREENER ABOVE THE SEPTIC TANK
BECAUSE AS THE SEWAGE THAT’S GOING IN
THE SEPTIC TANK DECOMPOSES IT’S GIVING OFF AMMONIA, WHICH HAS NITROGEN. AND NITROGEN IS AN IMPORTANT
COMPONENT IN PLANT GROWTH. AND SO AS THE AMMONIA
IS COMING UP, THE ROOTS ARE TAKING
UP THE AMMONIA, WHICH HAS NITROGEN IN IT AND GIVES IT THE NICE GREEN
COLOR AND IMPROVED GROWTH. DR. HANNA JUST EXPLAINED
SOMETHING CALLED THE NITROGEN CYCLE. WHICH REMINDS ME… ALL OF THIS IS POSSIBLE BECAUSE OF SOMETHING
YOU’VE PROBABLY HEARD OF, CALLED PHOTOSYNTHESIS. AND HERE’S HOW IT WORKS PLANTS AND SOME BACTERIA
CONTAIN CHLOROPHYLL, WHICH ABSORBS LIGHT ENERGY
AND BREAKS WATER APART. THE OXYGEN FROM THE WATER IS
RELEASED INTO OUR ATMOSPHERE. SO THE OXYGEN WE BREATHE ACTUALLY COMES OUT
OF WATER MOLECULES. THE HYDROGEN FROM THE WATER IS THEN COMBINED WITH CARBON
DIOXIDE FROM THE ATMOSPHERE TO BUILD GLUCOSE SUGAR
AND OTHER CARBOHYDRATES. THIS SUGAR IS THE MAIN
FOOD FOR MOST CELLS. SO PHOTOSYNTHESIS
PROVIDES US WITH BOTH OXYGEN TO BREATHE AS
WELL AS FOOD TO EAT! OKAY, IT’S GREAT TO
KNOW AGRICULTURE IS SUCH AN IMPORTANT
INDUSTRY IN GEORGIA. AFTER ALL… Joe: ONE OUT OF SIX JOBS
IN THE STATE OF GEORGIA HAVE TO DO WITH AGRICULTURE. I THINK I’M MAKING MY POINT. BUT WHAT IF I DON’T EXACTLY
SEE MYSELF AS A FARMER? Wayne: IN THE PAST
PEOPLE THOUGHT WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT AGRICULTURE
YOU THINK ABOUT FARMING, DRIVING A TRACTOR, HARVESTING CROPS, AND THAT STILL IS THE
CORE OF AGRICULTURE. BUT AGRICULTURE HAS GOTTEN
VERY SOPHISTICATED. THERE ARE ALL KINDS
OF OPPORTUNITIES. YOU CAN BE A MICROBIOLOGIST, LOOKING AT FOOD-BORN ORGANISMS. YOU CAN BE AN AG-ECONOMIST. YOU CAN BE IN MARKETING. THERE’S ADVERTISING. IT’S AN EXCITING AREA. YEAH, I’M STARTING
TO GET THAT IDEA. SO WHAT’S THE FUTURE? Wayne: THE FUTURE OF AGRICULTURE
IN MY OPINION IS VERY BRIGHT. I THINK THAT IT’S GOING TO
BECOME MORE AND MORE
SOPHISTICATED BECAUSE WE’RE GOING TO
HAVE TO PROVIDE MORE FOOD ON A SIMILAR ACREAGE
FOR MORE PEOPLE. SO OTHER THAN WATCHING
THE GRASS GROW, WHAT DO YOU LIKE MOST ABOUT
BEING AN AGRICULTURAL ROCK
STAR? Wayne: THE BEST AWARD
A PERSON CAN GET IN MY AREA OR IN ANY AREA
WHERE YOU’RE WORKING IS TO SAY THE CONSUMER OR
USER OF YOUR PRODUCTS SAYS, LISTEN IT HAS REALLY MADE
A DIFFERENCE FOR ME. THAT’S THE BEST AWARD
THAT A PERSON CAN GET. NO DOUBT. NOW BEFORE WE GO, DOES ANYONE ELSE WANT TO TAKE
A SHOT AT THAT FIRST QUESTION ABOUT WHAT KIND OF PLANT
THEY’D WANT TO BE? Emiani: I WOULD BE
A CATALINA FLOWER BECAUSE IT’S BEAUTIFUL AND
THAT’S HOW I FEEL EVERY DAY. OKAY. IT’S GOING TO BE
HARD TO TOP THAT! BUT WE’LL TRY, ON THE NEXT EPISODE
OF FAST FORWARD. ♪ MUSIC ♪

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