Survival Gardening: Drip Irrigation in English (accent from USA)


This video explains how to grow
vegetables in the dry season using a simple drip irrigation system. This system can help you feed your family. It can even supply
you with extra vegetables to sell to provide income for your family. You will first need
to construct planting beds. Please watch our other animation
on raised planting beds to learn how to construct
the raised planting beds in preparation for drip line placement. Your slopes will likely not be
as steep as the slopes shown here. They are more likely to look like this. Place two drip irrigation lines on each
one meter-wide raised planting bed. Be sure the drip holes in the
irrigation lines are turned upwards. This will ensure that each plant
receives the same amount of water. Make sure to place the drip lines 7-8 inches or 18-20 centimeters
from the edge of the planting bed. Secure the drip lines
in place using wire staples, forked sticks or other
materials you have available. Be careful not to poke
a hole in the drip lines. Next, make a stand for the container
that will ultimately hold the water. The bucket or other container
should hold at least 20 liters of water. The bottom of the container needs to be
one meter above the planting bed. If you use a larger bucket or barrel
to water several planting beds, make the stand slightly higher
to provide more water pressure. Connect the drip lines to the container. Burn, cut, or drill a hole
in the bottom of the bucket to match the size of the connector. Attach the connector to the bucket. Insert the feed lines into the fitting. Once the connections are made, be sure the bucket is secured
to its stand with a wooden brace, rope, string, or wire. Use what you have. Next connect the
feed lines to the drip lines. A special connector
is needed to make the connection Cut off a two and half centimeter piece
at the other end of the drip line. This sleeve will be used in the next step. Fold two and half centimeters of the
end of the drip line over itself twice. Slide the cut-off sleeve
over the folded drip line to provide a seal at the drip line end. Note that the drip line
connection procedures described may vary with different
drip line manufacturers. Be sure to follow the instructions given by the group or company
that manufactured the drip lines. Cover the top of the water container
with a cloth to serve as a coarse filter. The cloth will help filter out materials that might clog
the drip filter or the drip line. The cleaner the water you use the less likely the drip holes
will become plugged. Now you are ready
to add water to the container. As the water flows down the drip lines,
it will begin dripping out of the holes. It is best not make
any additional holes in the drip line. If fewer holes are desired
to place your plants further apart, seal some holes with electrical
tape or other available material. Use the wet spots at each drip hole to identify the location
to plant your transplants. Use your hand,
a stick, or a small trowel to make the planting hole. Plant each of the plants at the
same depth as they have been growing. If the plants are tall and thin,
plant them a bit deeper. For example, in the case
of a tall thin tomato plant, place the plant so that
the stem is covered to the first leaf. After transplanting is complete, filling the water container again or providing additional water
with a sprinkler can is a good idea. The additional water will help the plants
survive the shock of transplanting. If water is limited,
only water at the base of your plants. Next mulch the surface. Place dried plant materials, such as grass cuttings or straw, on the raised beds. The mulch will slow down
the loss of moisture from the soil, lower soil temperature,
and reduce weed growth. For every 15 meter raised bed
containing 100 plants, you will need to provide 20 liters
of water both morning and evening. Remember, one raised bed
will produce enough vegetables to feed a family of
five to seven during the dry season. Extra planting beds will produce
food to sell at the market place. With drip irrigation and mulching, three gallons of water can result in the production
of one pound of vegetables. In order to optimize your production, it is best to plant two rows of plants
in each raised bed, as shown here. With drip irrigation, every drop of water
can benefit the plants. Even in the dry season,
your garden will be productive. With the use of compost materials, raised planting beds, and drip irrigation you will improve the soil nutrient level, allow more air
and moisture to enter the soil, and increase vegetable production.

Comments

  1. SAWBO has just released a training video for the SAWBO Deployer App for Android devices – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KAtFqiMm-QE&t=29s – the App allows you to download and share SAWBO videos for training sessions with farm groups in the field without the need for Internet access. The App will turn your Android device into an "anywhere and anytime" deployment system for these animations.

  2. The SAWBO Deployer App for Android devices can be downloaded for free at https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=edu.mcu.sawbo&hl=en

  3. You can use up to 90% LESS water if you installed an Ollas at every drip point. Clayola is one idea. But there are others.
    No mention of the labor and hassle to refill all those water containers twice a day.

    Oh and with an Ollas, water used is what the plant wants. No over watering at all either whereas with drip irrigation you have that risk.
    With anOllas, rain shuts them down until the plants want more water or the soil dries out then it automatically resumes.

    Ollas have been used for over 4000 years! Ancient technology at it's finest!

    Use your water containers to maintain water level in the Ollas.

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